Government has set up the goal of providing electricity to all by 2020 and to ensure reliable and quality supply of electricity at a reasonable and affordable price. Sustainable social and economic development depends on adequate power generation capacity of a country. There is no other way for accelerating development except to increase the power generation by fuel diversification. Development of Renewable Energy is one of the important strategies adopted as part of Fuel Diversification Program. In line with the Renewable Energy policy 2009, the Government is committed to facilitate both public and private sector investment in Renewable Energy projects to substitute indigenous non- renewable energy supplies and scale up contributions of existing Renewable Energy based electricity productions. The Renewable Energy Policy envisions that 5% of total energy production will have to be achieved by 2015 and 10% by 2020. To achieve this target, GOB is looking for various options preferably Renewable Energy resources. Under the existing generation scenario of Bangladesh, Renewable Energy has a very small share to the total generation. The share of Renewable Energy exceeds more than 1% till now. The present Government is placing priority on developing Renewable Energy resources to improve energy security and to establish a sustainable energy regime alongside of conventional energy sources. Government has already launched “500 MW Solar Power Mission” to promote the use of Renewable Energy to meet the increasing demand of electricity.
Bangladesh has plans for developing Biomass, Biogas and Waste-to- Energy based electricity generating plants
- Lack of sufficient transport system to deliver adequate amount of waste from disposal sites can cause underutilization of the plantefficiency and generation potential from MSW.
- More efficient waste management initiatives bneeds to be taken by Dhaka City Corporation and Local Government Engineering Department to generate waste from energy.
- Clean technologies, with minimal impact on environment.
- Burning municipal solid waste generates energy and also reduces waste volume by upto 90%, leading to an environmental benefit.
- Key challenges:
-Waste-to-Energy plants can be planned in the urban areas, but availability of land is achallenge.
-Production of methane gas in the biogas plant can impact ozone layer.
-Biomass unpleasant for humans and can attractpets, spread bacteria or infection.
-Transportation of manure, biomass, and waste has noise and emission impact.
-Incineration of waste leads to emission of harmful gases like CO2, SO2, nitrogenoxides, etc.
-Toxic materials contain trace metals like lead, cadmium and mercury present in the waste pose some environmental threat ifthey are released in to the air or dispersed in the ground.
||Waste transported (tons/day)
||Waste generated (tons/day)
|Source: Chinese journal of engineering-Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management System in a Developing Country